Windows XP File and Print Sharing for Microsoft Networks

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File and Print Sharing for Microsoft Networks provides the ability to allow other computers to access resources, over a Microsoft network, on your system. This service is installed and enabled by default on a per connection basis. This service is the equivalent of the Windows NT 4.0 Server service.

You cannot configure this service in Windows XP.

QoS Packet Scheduler
The QoS Packet Scheduler service provides traffic control services in Quality of Service (QoS) environments. The QoS architecture in Windows XP is built from a tightly-integrated set of industry standard protocols, services, and mechanisms that control access to network resources, and either limit or guarantee network bandwidth usage. Other services necessary to control QoS are not included with Windows XP.

QoS provides the ability to deploy media-rich technologies, such as video conferencing or IP telephony, across a network environment. QoS also can improve the performance of traditional software. However, in order for QoS to have a true guarantee of service all network devices need to support one of the QoS mechanisms, such as RSVP (Resource Reservation Protocol), 802.1p, or DiffServ. If there is no support, then the traffic receives only best-effort delivery on that segment.

Remember that QoS traffic must coexist with traditional data traffic on the same network. To deploy real-time applications make sure that you have plenty of bandwidth, a minimal latency time, and minimal jitter (variations in packet arrival time).

SAP Agent
The SAP (Service Advertising Protocol) Agent provides a means for Windows XP systems to advertise their available services to computers running Netware client software and to Windows XP computers configured with just the NWLink protocol. The SAP agent is automatically installed when a service that uses SAP is installed, however you can manually install the service.

Print Services for UNIX
In order to print to a remote UNIX printer (which uses LPD - Line Printer Daemon) you must configure Windows XP to print with LPR - Line Printer. By installing Print Services for UNIX, you can install a printer in Windows XP that can use LPR as the printer port.

RIP Listener
The RIP Listener service provides a means to address routing problems in networks where more than one router is being used. RIP (Routing Information Protocol) provides dynamic configuration of routing tables across the enterprise. The RIP Listener service eavesdrops on the RIP information being transmitted on the network in order to generate the systems routing table. This process is known as RIP listening or silent RIP.

Windows XP supports both RIP version 1 and RIP version 2, as long as the RIP messages are transmitted as subnet-level broadcast. RIP v2 is not supported as the messages are sent as multicasts.

Simple TCP/IP Services
Simple TCP/IP services provide five additional services to the TCP/IP environment.

Service Description
CHARGEN (Character generator) Sends data
Daytime Returns messages containing the day of the week, month, day, year, current time (hh:mm:ss format) and time zone information
Discard Discards all packets received on this port. Very useful as a TCP/IP null port
Echo Returns the data received on this port
QUOTE (Quote of the Day) Returns a random quotation

NOTE: Do not install Simple TCP/IP Services unless you specifically need this computer to support communication with other systems that use these protocol services.

SNMP
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is an industry standard network management protocol used on TCP/IP and IPX/SPX (NWLink) networks. SNMP transmits management information and commands between a management program and the network management agent running on a host. The agent sends status information to one or more hosts when either a host requests it or when a significant event occurs.

The Windows XP SNMP Service provides only the agent. This agent is compliant to both SNMP versions 1 and 2C. TCP/IP or NWLink must be successfully installed before you can install SNMP.

Pop Quiz Questions
1. By default, which network client is installed and enabled on Windows XP systems?

2. If you are running a Novell 5 server, and a Windows XP client running CSNW, can you connect to bindery-based resources? What about to a NDS resource?

3. What are some of the benefits of QoS?

4. What do you need to install in order to print to a remote UNIX printer?

5. SNMP transmits management information and commands between a management program and the network management agent. What does the Windows XP SNMP Service provide?

Pop Quiz Answers
1. Client for Microsoft Networks, the equivalent of Windows NT 4.0 Workstation service and Windows 9x client, is installed and enabled by default on all Windows XP systems.

2. CSNW (Client Services for Netware) allows Windows XP machines to communicate with Novell Netware servers running either Novell Directory Services (NDS) or Netware bindery-based servers. If your server is Novell 5, you can connect to both bindery-based and NDS resources.

3. QoS provides the ability to deploy media-rich technologies, such as video conferencing or IP telephony, across a network environment. QoS also can improve the performance of traditional software. The QoS Packet Scheduler service provides traffic control services in Quality of Service (QoS) environments. The QoS architecture in Windows XP is built from a tightly-integrated set of industry standard protocols, services, and mechanisms that control access to network resources, and either limit or guarantee network bandwidth usage. Other services necessary to control QoS are not included with Windows XP.

4. In order to print to a remote UNIX printer (which uses LPD - Line Printer Daemon) you must configure Windows XP to print with LPR - Line Printer. By installing Print Services for UNIX, you can install a printer in Windows XP that can use LPR as the printer port.

5. The Windows XP SNMP Service provides only the agent. This agent is compliant to both SNMP versions 1 and 2C. TCP/IP or NWLink must be successfully installed before you can install SNMP.

 

Deborah Timmons is a Microsoft Certified Trainer and Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer. She came into the Microsoft technical field after six years in the adaptive technology field, providing technology and training for persons with disabilities. She is the President and co-owner of Integrator Systems Inc.

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