Why Protect Yourself From the Sun’s Harmful Effects

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Ozone depletion or the thinning of ozone layer, the atmosphere's protective layer, is the primary reason why everyone must seriously protect themselves from the sun's harmful UV rays. Overexposure can lead to substantial skin damage, which can ultimately lead to deadly skin cancer. It seems the dangers are simply being ignored though, as people around the world become more hooked to activities wherein they have to be exposed to the sun.

Skin tanning is one sun-seeking activity that many fair-skinned people engage into. Initially, one might see only the high possibility of achieving the skin color they want. And knowing they can catch skin cancer, they reason of bathing in the sun only up until 09:00 to 09:30 in the morning, when the sun's UV radiation is less intense. Even medical practitioners, who are well aware of the risks, take off their scrub uniforms to get tanned.

However, there is not a 100% assurance that they will not get sick when they do it regularly. Remember, any skin discoloration as a result of sun exposure is a sign of damage. Others resort in going to tanning parlors, or using sunlamps and sub beds as alternative, thinking they will get safe tan. World Health Organization recommends avoiding them, since they as well use UV radiation to alter skin color.

Of all cancer cases worldwide, one third of which are skin cancers. Among these die an estimated 66,000 every year. Melanoma alone, the most dangerous form of skin cancer, grows in as much as 130,000 new cases each year. Basal cell carcinomas, squamous cell carcinomas, and other types of skin cancers mount between two and three million new cases annually. Anyone can be a victim. The culprit may start the attack in the form of sunburn or erythema, or ruining the skin's texture and weakening its elasticity. But when the UV radiation goes beyond the deeper layers of skin and begins damaging the DNA, there goes skin cancer.

Aside from acquiring skin cancer, damage to the immune system can be reaped by people who are exposed to too much sunlight. This only means that the body's ability of fighting foreign destructive elements can adversely be affected, that it can fail to protect the person from bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and or viral infections. Intense sunlight also threatens the eyes. Of the estimated 15 million cases of cataracts, 20% of which resulted from chronic sun exposure. In effect, harmful UV rays will hit anyone in the skin, eyes, or in the immune system.

Medical professionals, those wearing white, solid color, or print scrubs must be role models on upholding the fight agains skin cancer. Next are the mothers, being extra careful with their babies' particularly delicate skin. And of course, each and every individual must make sure they wear sun-protective gears such as sunglasses, wide brimmed head covers, and apply at least SPF 15 sunscreen lotion liberally. Lastly, be watchful of any mole, freckle, or spot which may be malignant.

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