When To Call A Doctor Or Go To A Hospital?

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In our day to day lives it is common to get small wounds that can be treated at home.

Usually scrapes and abrasions only require washing the wound three to four times daily for two days and covering with a bandage.

If you are sure that the wound can be treated at home then first stop the bleeding. This can be done by putting pressure on the area using a clean bandage for ten to twelve minutes.

Secondly take care to clean the wound properly by placing the wound under water. This is best done by a pressure burst of water e.g. a briskly running tap or a hand-held shower nozzle. This should be done for ten to fifteen minutes.

For deeper wounds or bites proper medical attention is required. The following conditions or wounds will require calling a doctor or going to a hospital immediately

- All bites, cuts or laceration greater than 1/2-inch long
- Where there is brisk bleeding,
- bleeding does not stop even after 10 minutes.
- The dirt and debris present on or in the wound does not come off even after multiple attempts to get it out.
- If there is yellow colored drainage from the wound or surrounding area and/or redness even after forty eight hours.

It is common knowledge that an open wound will take longer to heal than smaller ones and also leaves a scar. The following conditions warrant going to the hospital immediately or immediately calling your emergency number.

- Obvious situations where you can see that the wound is life threatening.
- Any bite, cut or laceration greater than half an inch, where the fat or deeper tissues, muscle, bone is visible.
- If even after various measures you fail to stop the wound from bleeding.
- If you see that blood is spurting out of the wound with the heart beat of the person. In this case you should immediately apply pressure on the wound and then call emergency.
- If you have reason to believe that the wound has some foreign element present in it. E.g. glass, wood, rust etc.
- When you notice that the injured person is unable to move their fingers or toes of the area where the cur or laceration is.
- When you notice that the injured person has lost sensation in the area around or beyond the laceration
- Bite wounds from both, humans or animals

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