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Sikhism founded on the teachings of Nanak and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest organized religion in the world.

The word Sikh is derived from the Sanskrit word shishya meaning a disciple or a learner. Thus, those that followed Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikh religion, came to be known as Sikhs. In the Sikh faith, reverence for the guru (preceptor) is the cardinal quality, and devotion to the teachings a sacred duty. In the Sikh way of life, great emphasis is laid upon practicing moral and spiritual values.