The Relation Of Gymnastics With Physics And Arts
Science is for service to mankind. The branches of Science deal in different aspects of life. Basically, Science is divided into three branches namely Biology, Chemistry and Physics. Physics deals with physical properties of matter and laws of forces. Many sports are generally based on these studies and involve many of these laws. Those who have studied Physics must have studied about Angular Momentum. The sports of Gymnastic have some of these laws of Physics, concealed into its different varieties.
The three forms of Gymnastics are Artistic, Rhythmic and Trampoline. The Artistic Gymnastic comprises of several routines like Vaults, Uneven bars, Pommel horse etc.The Gymnasts display acts of rotation from end to another. The Rhythmic Gymnastic also involves rotational motion. The third one, Trampoline is also based on bounce and rebound. All these three types apparently display artistic beauty but inside these arts, a basic knowledge of scientific laws is concealed.
The sports of gymnastic have the beauty of art as well it encompasses the laws of Sciences. Gymnastics is in fact a competitive sport that tests an athlete's strength, rhythm, balance, flexibility. We see different gymnasts performing these gymnastic acts. The sports of Gymnasts are an art involving the basics of Sciences. There is some where Science involved in it. Those aware of Physics, the branch of Science, do know about the Angular momentum and its rotation.
In many moves made by a gymnast, this Angular Momentum is involved such as the rotation of a gymnast. This Science is hidden in all routines of its three forms. The law of Angular Momentum is mainly involved in many of them. According to the definition of Angular momentum, it is equal to the product of mass, velocity and distance from mass to axis of rotation. When a gymnast leaves the mat, they have all the angular momentum from their push-off that they will get while leaving their position of rest.
For different moves, the gymnast will need to change their rate of rotation while in the air. They change their rate of rotation by changing the distance of their center of mass from the axis of rotation. The angular speed increases or decreases by changing the distance between the mass and the axis of rotation. For example, when a gymnast performs on the uneven or parallel bars, she may start by doing a giant swing around the top bar to gain angular momentum.
When she turns loose and tucks her mass in to decrease the distance between her body and the axis of spin, she starts spinning much faster. Her angular momentum is still constant because no external force occurs to create a change in her angular momentum. When gymnasts work on these hard routines, the laws of Physics are practiced in a hidden manner by them.Infact it is a display of these laws. When a gymnast jumps on a trampoline, the trampoline springs in the mat force the body of Gymnast to bounce.
He/she gets a bounce and with the bounce, the gymnast gets the elevation to a maximum. Then the force of gravity pulls the body again back to its normal position. Then again the gymnast gets bounce. In this way, it is repeated .The same theory is repeated when a gymnast performs on bars whether parallel, horizontal or uneven. The weight of the body of gymnast forces the body back to its normal position. This is done in quick seconds and in this lapse of time a very important phenomenon "The gravitation force" is displayed, coated in fun and entertainment.
Since the sports of gymnastic is not only to play but also teaches knowledge of great in depth in its varieties. In this way we say that the sports of Gymnastics is a combination of both Arts and Science .As it portrays the artistic beauty and scientific thoughts combined together to display one of the finest scenes of nature.
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