Writing Versus Speaking

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Pen is mightier than words. Or not?

The goal of all languages to communicate - that is to ideas and information from one person to another person.

There are at least two people in a statement. To communicate, one person starts something "out" and another person has something "inside". We call this "exit" (>>>) and "input" (<<<).

• I write (OUTPUT, my thoughts go out of my head).

• You hear me (INPUT: My thoughts go to your head).

• You write me (OUTPUT: your thoughts from your head).

• I read your words (INPUT: Your thoughts go to my head).

The language consists of four 'skills': two for the output (written and oral), and two for input (listening and reading) might say this another way - two skills for "spoken" communication skills and two for "written" communication. :


Spoken - mouth

Listening - the ear

Writing - Hand

eye - Reading

What are the differences between written and spoken English? There are advantages and disadvantages of each form of communication?

Differences in structure and style

We are used to write with proper grammar and a structured way. We organize what we write in sentences and paragraphs. We do not usually contractions in writing (if so, we want a very kind, then we sometimes contractions used in the writing, but it is there to talk.) We use a more formal written language (eg we can write " The car exploded, "but said" the car exploded ") and we do not often snake. In writing, we must use punctuation such as commas and question marks (as a symbolic representation of things as pauses or tone of voice when speaking).

Speaking of Writing


An important difference between speech and writing is that writing is usually more lasting or permanent. When we speak, our words live for a few moments. When we write, our words live for years or even centuries. Why write usually account for events such as an enterprise agreement or transaction.

Speaker and listener / reader & writer

When we speak, we usually have to be at the same place and time that the other person. Despite this limitation, speech has the advantage that the president receives direct feedback from the listener. The speaker can probably see immediately whether the listener is bored or not understand something, and then modify what he or she says.

When we write, our words are usually read by another person in another place at another time. Indeed, they can be read by many others, always and everywhere. And people who read our words can do whatever they want, slow or fast. They can also read what we write. But the writer can not receive direct feedback and can not (easily) change what was written.

How Speaking and Writing affect each

In the past, only a few people to write, but almost everyone could speak. Because their words are not widely recognized, there was much variation in the way they spoke with the vocabulary and dialects in different regions. Today, almost anyone can speak and write. Because writing has been registered and more permanent, which affects the way people talk, have so many regional dialects and words disappeared. (It may seem that there are too many differences to be learned, but without writing there would be many more differences, even between, say, British and American English.) So, writing is an important influence on speech. But talking can also affect the writing. For example, most new words enter a language when speaking. Some of them do not live long. If you start with these words in writing in general means that they are "real words" in the language and have a certain amount of time.

Impact of new technologies

modern invention like the telephone recording audio, telephone, radio, television, fax or e-mail or have made a significant impact on oral and written impact. To some extent, the division between spoken and written fade. The e-mails are often written in a much less formal than usual writing. With the voice recording, for example, it has long been possible to speak with someone who is not the same place or time that you (even if it is a one-way communication: we can talk or listen but not interact).

With telephone and radio, however, it became possible for two people to a conversation, while at the same site. Today, the differences are still vague, so we can have such a spirit of live television broadcast from a mixture of records, phone calls, faxes and emails and so on. One result of this new technology and the universality of the modern writing is to raise the status of voice. Politicians who can not organize their thoughts and speak well on television to win very few votes.

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